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are shelby county courts open today

During this public health emergency, Ohio courts are operating under amended rules of court. The information below lists all courts in Ohio by county. The people of Shelby County are served by a Circuit Court, District Court, Probate Court and thirteen Municipal Courts. The United States District Court for the. Nominations are now open for the Daniel J. Wright Lifetime Achievement Award to honor exceptional service to Michigan's children. Sponsored by the Michigan.
are shelby county courts open today

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PRESIDING COMMISSIONER

GLENN EAGAN
PO BOX 186
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0186
573-633-2181

COUNTY CLERK

STEPHANIE BENDER
PO BOX 186 100 E MAIN ST
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0186
573-633-2181

RECORDER

AUDREY BUZZARD
PO BOX 188
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0188
573-633-2821

ASSESSOR

LIZ MILES
PO BOX 165
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0165
573-633-2521

COLLECTOR

JOHN CHINN
PO BOX 148
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0148
573-633-2271

TREASURER

TRACY SMITH
PO BOX 71
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0071
573-633-2574

PROSECUTING ATTORNEY

JORDAN ROGERS
PO BOX 177
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0177
573-633-2131

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR

SUSAN WILT
410 SOUTH CENTER ST
SHELBINA MO 63468
573-588-1910

CIRCUIT CLERK

ROSE SHIVELY
PO BOX 176
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0176
573-633-2151

SHERIFF

AARON FREDRICKSON
PO BOX 128
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0128
573-633-2161

ASSOCIATE COMMISSIONER WEST DISTRICT

TERRY MEFFORD
PO BOX 186
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0186
573-633-2181

ASSOCIATE COMMISSIONER EAST DISTRICT

TOM SHIVELY
PO BOX 186
SHELBYVILLE MO 63469-0186
573-633-2181

CORONER

RALPH EAGAN
501 E MILL
SHELBINA MO 63468
573-588-7526

Источник: https://www.mocounties.com/shelby-county.php

welcome to the Shelby County Probate Court, the Honorable Jeffrey J. Beigel presiding. We are committed to using technology to improve the efficiency are shelby county courts open today of our office and increase the level of service made available to our customers. The innovative services that are available on this site include FAQs, Checklists for most case types, and online forms.



NOTICE REGARDING APPLYING FOR A MARRIAGE LICENSE:

EFFECTIVE 05/13/21 MARRIAGE LICENSE PROCEDURES

REMOTE VIDEO:  Applicants are encouraged to apply for marriage licenses by virtual appointment (see instructions below).  

IN-PERSON: Marriage licenses are issued in-person at the Probate Court Monday thru Friday, during the hours of 8:30 a.m. – 3:45 p.m.  Please click HERE to read the requirements to obtain a license when appearing in-person and fill out the online application to expedite the process.  All persons must wear a facial covering and maintain social distancing while in the Shelby County Courthouse.

  1. Fill out online application completely.  You must have a valid are shelby county courts open today email address.
  2. Contact the Clerk's office by telephone (937-498-7263) to confirm application is complete; you will need to provide the number of times previously married are shelby county courts open today the name of the officiant expected to perform your ceremony (if officiant is known)
  3. The following items must be sent to the Clerk’s office by Fax (937-498-7260) OR email ([email protected]):
    1. A copy of your driver’s license (or ID)
    2. A file stamped copy of your divorce or dissolution decree (for your last marriage only)
    3. "Oath/Signature" (click here for form)– You must read and sign this form.
  4. Mail the $76.00 fee to the Court (P.O. Box 4187, Sidney, OH 45365) by check or money order (payable to Shelby County Probate Court)
  5. Contact the Clerk's Office by telephone to confirm receipt of all of the above
  6. Clerk will then make arrangements with each applicant to be present for a video conference to confirm identity, residence, divorce information, oath and signature
  7.  The Clerk will then issue and mail marriage license the same business day to applicants at the address provided on the application.

1) Marriage applications can now be completed and submitted ONLINE!! Click Here

2) Adult Guardian Education:  please Click Here for information on available courses, including online courses

3) Confidential Disclosure of Personal Identifiers bank of america cd calculator (Click Here)
Use of this form is required when omitting personal identifiers from case documents, which is now required by Superintendence Rules 44-47.



Shelby County Probate Court was the 2013 winner of the Ohio State Bar Association's Judicial Administration and Legal Reform Committee "Innovative Court Practices Award".  The Court won the award for its Checklist and Compliance Order program.





This website was developed from a template designed and created by the Hamilton County Probate Court and is provided in the spirit of cooperation in an effort to reduce costs by sharing work product.


Disclaimer and Privacy Statement
Copyright © 2004-2016 Shelby County Probate Court. All Rights Reserved.

Источник: https://www.shelbycoprobate.org/

Shelby county arrests

shelby county arrests Clay Hammac of the Shelby County Drug Enforcement Task Force says high concentrates of marijuana candies and vape cartridges were found during a search warrant in the Inverness Landing Apartment complex last night. To search and filter the Mugshots for Shelby County, Tennessee simply click on the at the top of the page. 6% dip in the overall arrest rate between 2017 and 2013. To access inmate records: Get in touch with the Jail Lieutenant at 937-494-2106. Shelby amassed 9,468 arrests over the past three years. cant login to moneypak On average, at least 2 criminal complaints are filed in the area every day. 11-15 The data on this site provides arrest ode to the west wind imagery booking information and should not be relied upon to determine any individual's criminal or conviction record. Phone: (936) 598-5601. 100 Hurst Street. Inmate rosters and mugshots In Shelby County, Illinois, arrest warrants are treated much like in any other geographical division of the state or any part of the country, to that matter. According to the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, the 2 days ago · 3 arrested after contraband smuggling attempt at a Shelby County jail. It consists of a booking/release center, a direct supervision facility, a main facility jail, and a work release center. 76% from 21 to 22. Nov 16, 2021 · Two people were located and arrested and one person remains on the run after a pair of simultaneous high-speed pursuits ended in Shelby County Tuesday morning. The following individuals were arrested and charged by municipal police departments in Shelby County from May 16-26: Alabaster Shelby amassed 9,468 arrests over the past three years. Perform a free Shelby County, TN public arrest records search, including current & recent arrests, arrest inquiries, warrants, reports, logs, and mugshots. 30, Sept. Its county seat is Center. Mon. The grand jury was impaneled for the July 2020 term of the 123rd Judicial District Court, and grand jury was held in both the 123rd and 273rd Judicial District courts. Local Crime News provides daily arrest log updates for every city and county in California. Denise Lyn Adams. (WMC) - Three teens were arrested Sunday after allegedly crashing a stolen vehicle during an attempted traffic stop. Today we have the ability to house males, females, and even juveniles Jul 11, 2020 · Two men were arrested after a drug bust near a Shelby County elementary school. In the year of 1835, Shelby County was created, and was later organized in 1837. On Friday the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office reported the where does jose andres live arrests to Regional Radio News. The Shelby County Arrest Records Search (Tennessee) links below open in a new window and take you to third party websites that provide access to Shelby County public records. To find out about outstanding warrants and request access to arrest records: Call the Records Office at 937-494-2118. Nov 23, 2021 · Shelby County is located in the central portion of the U. Staff at Shelby County Jail: Jericka Moore, Jail Administrator. These records can keep you updated with people and events around you. … The county clerk’s: 501 Washington Street, Shelbyville, Kentucky 40065. Shelby County. Shelby County, Tennessee, Arrest Policies Project • 3 Department. Constantly updated. Less than 1000 crimes are reported in Shelby County, KY, every year, and only 5% of these incidents are violent. It's your right to know who has been arrested in your vicinity. You can also submit an anonymous best coverage bb cream to Crime Stoppers at 205-254-7777, or on their website at this link. Robert B Anderson. Located in the southwestern portion of the state of Ohio, Shelby County provides members of the public with access to a variety of public records, including criminal records, sex offender information, jail/inmate information, court records, and vital records, in accordance with the Chapter 149. Fax: (936) 598-7893. 317-392-6345; 317-392-6405; This is the most up-to-date Shelby County inmate search, inmate list, inmate roster, arrest reports, bail bond and booking information for the Shelby County Jail in the city of Shelbyville, Shelby County in the state of Indiana. In addition to providing work release opportunities, the Shelby County Justice Complex system seeks to develop and provide educational programs to help deter future criminal behavior from […] Jun 03, 2019 · SHELBY COUNTY, AL - The Shelby County Drug Enforcement Task Force reported that 13 arrests were made in last week's "Operation Closeout, Round 4," a prostitution sting operation. Largest Database of Shelby County Mugshots. The county seat is Columbiana. To know about the investigation of a criminal case filed by you: Call In Shelby County, Illinois, arrest warrants are treated much like in any other geographical division of the state or any part of the country, to that matter. Total arrests in Shelby County in 2016 decreased by 0% compared to 2015 and is lower than national average of 33. According to the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, the Sep 25, 2020 · The Shelby County Sheriff’s Office on Thursday released details on arrests dating back to September 17th. 5% in the same period. Perform a free Shelby County, AL public arrest records search, including current & recent arrests, arrest inquiries, warrants, reports, logs, and mugshots. Oct 16, 2021 · Deputies with the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office have arrested a man in connection with home burglary on FM 138 in Timpson. The police and the magistrate thus hold information on this directive. 11-15 Oct 16, 2021 · Deputies with the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office have arrested a man in connection with home burglary on FM 138 in Timpson. Hammac says Clifford Tuck, 30, and Trey Riggins, 24, both of Birmingham, were arrested at Shelby County General Sessions Court - Civil 140 Adams Avenue, Room 106, Memphis, TN 38103 Phone: (901) 222-3400 Fax: (901) 222-3413. Bookings, Arrests and Mugshots in Shelby County, Tennessee; To search and filter the Mugshots for Shelby County, Tennessee simply click on the at the top of the page; Bookings are updated several times a day so check back often! Recentlybooked. The operation is Largest Database of Shelby County Mugshots. Obtaining some of these public records requires paying certain fees and presenting government-issued photo IDs. During that same year, 579 arrests were for violent crimes like murder, rape, and robbery. Shelby County, Alabama provides online and physical access to police reports, arrest records, crime statistics, and sex offender information as well as court records, divorce records, and other vital records. Recent bookings, Arrests, Mugshots in Shelby County, Tennessee. During 2017, Shelby’s arrest rate was 348. com or 205-670-6283. With the enactment of a new domestic violence law in 1997, the number of reported DV. There were 1,595 arrests in Shelby County in 2017, including 1,372 adult arrests and 223 juvenile arrests. Weldon Chase Willey. Shelby County Record Availability. Find latests mugshots and bookings from Shelbyville and other local cities. 15,531 Shelby County, IN Arrest Records. On July 29th 20 year old Dakota Tipton of Mattoon and 20 year old Blake Bol June 2, 2021 - A Shelby County Grand Jury handed down 61 indictments including a capital murder case from April 2021 on Thursday, May 27, 2021. In 2010, the census demonstrated that Shelby County had a total populace of 25,448. The county of Shelby is 52. Nov 29, 2021 · SHELBY COUNTY, Tenn. S. Assaults between intimates or former intimates take up nearly 20 percent of all adult assault cases and a similar proportion of the county’s homicides are domestic violence related. As of the 2020 census the population was 223,024. The law in Iowa mandates that each county have a sheriff. MEMPHIS, Tenn. – A recording of an inmate’s phone call helped Memphis police break up an alleged smuggling operation on Posted about four months ago by Shelby County Sheriff Office Booking #: 21072401 Arrest Date: 00:15:10 07/24/21 Inmate: MENDOZA SANCHES MARCO A Area: PCT1 Street: LOUISIANA ST Officer: AUSTIN CRYER June 2, 2021 - A Shelby County Grand Jury handed down 61 indictments including a capital murder case from April 2021 on Thursday, May 27, 2021. Before 1994 we were located in the downtown area of Sidney and had capacity to hold only 39 male inmates. 107 West Taylor Street Shelbyville, IN 46176. Tap here to see mug shots of those arrested in the investigation. Showing Arrest Records 1 - 30 of 15,531. The sheriff is in charge of an operates the Shelby County Jail. Robert Anthony Goebel. Fortunately, the state agencies of Shelby County, TN, make it easy to find all information about active arrest warrants issued by local criminal courts. Bookings are updated several times a day so check back often! 2,010 people were booked in the last 30 days (Order: Booking Date ) Oct 31, 2021 · Arresting Agency: SCSO Arrest Date: 11/13/2021 Charges: Aggravated Assault Family Member $100,000 BOND The following information is taken from the public records at the Shelby County Sheriff's Office. 12 per 1,000 people. The data may not reflect current charging decisions made by the State Attorney's Office or the outcome of criminal trials. According to the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, the arrests were made Thursday in Alabaster and Montevallo. He is elected for a 4-year term. The data on this site provides arrest and booking information and should not be relied upon to determine any individual's criminal or conviction record. The following individuals were arrested and charged by municipal police departments in Shelby County. Ethan Hendricks, 19, of Timpson, is still being held in the Shelby County Jail on a second-degree felony burglary of a Shelby County Jail. Inmate rosters and mugshots To know about recent arrests: Call the Shelby County Jail at 937-498-7831. The largest city is Alabaster. 13. Shelby County Arrest are shelby county courts open today. Sep 30, 2021 · Shelby County Justice Complex is located in Memphis, Tennessee. Find the inmate Nov 29, 2021 · SHELBY COUNTY, Tenn. Mar 13, 2015 · The Shelby County Drug Enforcement Task Force has arrested 14 people in connection to a long term drug investigation. Kevin Nicholas Lawson. The Shelby County Arrest Records Search (Alabama) links below open in a new window and take you to third party websites that provide access to Shelby County public records. First, start your hunt for outstanding warrant information at the local sheriff’s office, located at 201 Poplar Ave, Memphis, Tennessee 38103. According to the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, the Sep 29, 2021 · The Shelby County Sheriff’s Office asks anyone with any information about this case to contact Investigator Williams at at [email protected] Shelby County General Sessions Court - Criminal 201 Poplar Avenue, Suite LL-81, Memphis, TN 38103 Phone: (901) 222-3500 Fax: (901) 222-3597. Shelby County can be found in the state of Texas. 11-20 Nov 20, 2021 · Bookings, Arrests and Mugshots in Shelby County, Tennessee. Arrest records are updated by Shelby County sheriff office several times every day. Shelby County Arrest, Court, and Public Records. We are located at 555 Gearhart Road and have been located here since 1994. Shelby County, MO Crime Rate. … Shelby County Arrest, Court, and Public Records. According to the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office, the Recent bookings, Arrests, Mugshots in Shelby County, Tennessee. 6 and Sept. Shelby County is part of the Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area; It is bordered on the west by the Mississippi River; Located within the Mississippi Delta, the county was developed as a center of cotton plantations in the antebellum era, and cotton continued as an Jun 03, 2019 · SHELBY COUNTY, AL - The Shelby County Drug Enforcement Task Force reported that 13 arrests were made in last week's "Operation Closeout, Round 4," a prostitution sting operation. The Bank of hawaii hawaiian airlines mastercard login is an elected officer by the people. During the burglary, a four-wheeler, power tools, and other items were taken. Center, TX 75935. 16 Arrests. Oct 16, 2021 · SHELBY COUNTY, Texas (KTRE) - Shelby County authorities have arrested a man in connection with a home burglary that occurred on FM 138 in Timpson. The county is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky from 1792 to 1796 and again from 1812 to 1816. The county clerk’s office is also added to the mix because this agency’s deputies are present during the session to record the court dockets. The arrests are listed according to name, arresting agency, arrest date, and charges. The operation is Oct 13, 2019 · The Shelby County Drug Enforcement Task Force (SCDETF), in partnership with the Hoover Police Department, conducted the operation. ***Arrest does not mean a conviction*** 11/21/21, Evans, Skylar, 17, Logansport, LA, Assault Causing Bodily Injury, Sheriff's Department 11/20/21, Lewing, Brittany, 27, Center, Assault Family Violence, Center PD 11/20/21, Michael, Jordan, 23, Bronson, Possession of a Controlled Oct 04, 2021 · Arrests Arrest reports for the weeks of Aug. 15,531 Shelby County, IN Arrest Records Have Been Located. shelby county arrests

Crisp White Taubmans


Источник: http://es.rhb.cc/ly5xt/shelby-county-arrests.html

Tennessee Administrative Office of the Courts

Approved judicial district plans to expand in-person hearings are available here.

The Tennessee Administrative Are shelby county courts open today of the Courts is open and is prepared to assist judges, court staff, and others to the best of its ability during the coronavirus outbreak. Almost all AOC staff has the ability to work remotely and will continue to work in the office or remotely. Per the CDC Guidelines, the AOC is limiting the number of individuals in our Nashville office and is unable to receive visitors at this time. If you need assistance, please call (615) 741-2687 or email [email protected] 

If you have a concern about a court's compliance with the Tennessee Supreme Court COVID-19 Orders, please click here to send us an email. 

If you are looking for legal help for a legal situation you are in please visit: Help4TN.org

If you are looking for eviction resources click here.

Tennessee Court Orders, Rules, Policies Related to Coronavirus

Local Court Orders and Policies - Middle Tennessee
Judicial district plans to expand in-person hearings are available here. 

Local Court Orders and Policies - West Tennessee
Judicial district plans to expand in-person hearings are available here. 

Local Court Orders and Policies - East Tennessee
Judicial district plans to expand in-person hearings are available here. 

Tennessee Government Actions & Information

  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order #82 - July 30, 2021
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order #70 - December 20, 2020
  • State of Tennessee Vaccination Plan - December 2, 2020
  • State of Tennessee Vaccine News Release - December 14, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee's COVID-19 Bulletins
  • Executive Order #27 - April 13, 2020
  • Executive Order #26 - Notarization - April 9, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order #23 - Stay Home - April 2, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order 22 - Stay Home Unless Engaging in Essential Activities - March 30, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order 18 - Limiting Non-Emergency Healthcare Procedures - March 23
  • Governor Lee Creates COVID-19 Unified Command - March 23
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order 17 - Limiting Gatherings - March 22
  • Governor Bill Lee Executive Order 16 - Open Government During COVID-19 - March 20
  • Governor Bill Lee guidance on school closures - March 16, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee guidance on mass gatherings, state employees, schools - March 13, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee declares state of emergency as Tennessee works to combat spread of coronavirus - March 12, 2020
  • Governor Bill Lee Issues Executive Order Declaring State of Emergency in Response to COVID-19 - March 12, 2020. Order will free up funds, resources to help combat coronavirus spread
  • Formation of Coronavirus Task Force Announced by Governor Lee
  • Governor's news conference announcing first case, featuring Commissioner of Health Lisa Piercey, MD

Tennessee Law Specific Information:

Coronavirus Specific Health Material:

Coronavirus Specific Law and Court Information

National and Other State Legal Resources

Источник: https://www.tncourts.gov/Coronavirus

Ida B. Wells

African-American civil rights activist (1862–1931)

For the American lawyer, see Ida V. Wells.

Ida B. Wells

Mary Garrity - Ida B. Wells-Barnett - Google Art Project - restoration crop.jpg

Wells, c. 1893

Born

Ida Bell Wells


(1862-07-16)July 16, 1862

Holly Springs, Mississippi, U.S.

DiedMarch 25, 1931(1931-03-25) (aged 68)

Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

Burial placeOak Woods Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
Other names
Education
OccupationCivil rights and women's rights activist, journalist and newspaper editor, teacher
Political party
Spouse(s)
Children6, including Alfreda Duster

Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, are shelby county courts open today – March 25, 1931) was an American investigative journalist, educator, and early leader in the civil rights movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Over the course of a lifetime dedicated to combating prejudice and violence, and the fight for African-American equality, especially that of women, Wells arguably became the most www doubleyourline com application status Black woman in America.

Born into slavery in Holly Springs, Mississippi, Wells was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation during the American Civil War. At the age of 16, she lost both her parents and her infant brother in the 1878 yellow fever epidemic. She went to work and kept the rest of the family together with the help of her grandmother. Later, moving with some of her siblings to Memphis, Tennessee, she found better pay as a teacher. Soon, Wells co-owned and wrote for the Memphis Free Speech and Headlight newspaper. Her reporting covered incidents of racial segregation and inequality.

In the 1890s, Wells documented lynching in the United States in articles and through her pamphlet called Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in all its Phases, investigating frequent claims of whites that lynchings were reserved for Black criminals only. Wells exposed lynching as a barbaric practice of whites in the South used to intimidate and oppress African Americans who created economic and political competition—and a subsequent threat of loss of power—for whites. A white mob destroyed her newspaper office and presses as her investigative reporting was carried nationally in Black-owned newspapers. Subjected to continued threats, Wells left Memphis for Chicago. She married Ferdinand L. Barnett in 1895 and had a family while continuing her work writing, speaking, and organizing for civil rights and the women's movement for the rest of her life.

While her work contains extensive documentation of lynchings—she are shelby county courts open today one of the first to do so—her work is notable for its real-time reporting on the prevalent incendiary propaganda about Black rape that was used to justify the practice.[3]

Wells was outspoken regarding her beliefs as a Black capital 1 cc login activist and faced regular public disapproval, sometimes including from other leaders within the civil rights movement and the women's suffrage movement. She was active in women's rights and the women's suffrage movement, establishing several notable women's organizations. A skilled and persuasive speaker, Wells traveled nationally and internationally on lecture tours.

In 2020, Wells was posthumously honored with a Pulitzer Prize special citation "[f]or her outstanding and courageous reporting on the horrific and vicious violence against African Americans during the era of lynching."

Early life[edit]

Ida Bell Wells was born on the Bolling Farm near Holly Springs, Mississippi, July 16, 1862. She was the eldest child of James Madison Wells (1840–1878) and Elizabeth "Lizzie" (Warrenton). James Wells' father was a White man who impregnated an enslaved Black woman named Peggy. Before dying, James' father brought him, aged 18, to Holly Springs to become a carpenter's apprentice, where he developed a skill and worked as a "hired out slave living in town". Lizzie's experience as an enslaved person was quite different. One of 10 children born on a plantation in Virginia, Lizzie was sold away from her family and siblings and tried without success to locate her family following the Civil War. Before the Emancipation Proclamation was issued, Wells' parents were enslaved to Spires Boling, an architect, and the family lived in the structure now called Bolling–Gatewood House, which has become the Ida B. Wells-Barnett Museum.

After emancipation, Wells’ father, James Wells, became a trustee of Shaw College (now Rust College). He refused to vote for Democratic candidates (see Southern Democrats) during the period of Reconstruction, became a member of the Loyal League, and was known as a "race man" for his involvement in politics and his commitment to the Republican Party. He founded a successful carpentry business in Holly Springs in 1867, and his wife Lizzie became known as a "famous cook".

Ida B. Wells was one of the eight children, and she enrolled in the historically Blackliberal arts collegeRust College in Holly Springs (formerly Shaw College). In September 1878, tragedy struck the Wells family when both of Ida’s parents died during a yellow fever epidemic that also claimed a sibling. Wells had been visiting her grandmother's farm near Holly Springs at the time and was spared.

Following the funerals of her parents and brother, friends and relatives decided that the five remaining Wells children should be separated and sent to various foster homes. Wells resisted this proposition. To keep her younger siblings together as a family, she found work as a teacher in a Black elementary school in the country near Holly Springs. Her paternal grandmother, Peggy Wells (née Peggy Cheers; 1814–1887), along with other friends and relatives, stayed with her siblings and cared for them during the week while Wells was teaching.

About two years after Wells' grandmother Peggy had a stroke and her sister Eugenia died, Wells and her two youngest sisters moved to Memphis to live with an aunt, Fanny Butler (née Fanny Wells; 1837–1908), in 1883. Memphis is about 56 miles (90 km) from Holly Springs.

Early career and anti-segregation activism[edit]

I

 t is with no pleasure that I have dipped my hands in the corruption here exposed . Somebody must show that the Afro-American race is more sinned against than sinning, and it seems to have fallen upon me to do so.

– Ida B. Wells call bank of america credit card support after moving to Memphis, Wells was hired in Woodstock by the Shelby County school system. During her summer vacations she attended summer sessions at Fisk University, a historically Black college in Nashville, Tennessee. She also attended Lemoyne-Owen College, a historically Black college in Memphis. She held strong political opinions and provoked many people with her views on women's rights. At the age of 24, she wrote: "I will not begin at this late day by doing what my soul abhors; sugaring men, weak deceitful creatures, with flattery to retain them as escorts or to gratify a revenge."

On May 4, 1884, a train conductor with the Chesapeake & Ohio Railroad ordered Wells to give up her seat in the first-class ladies car and move to the smoking car, which was already crowded with other passengers. The previous year, the United States Supreme Court had ruled against the federal Civil Rights Act of 1875 (which had banned racial discrimination in public accommodations). This verdict supported railroad companies that chose to racially segregate their passengers. When Wells refused to give up her seat, the conductor and two men dragged her out of the car. Wells gained publicity in Memphis when she wrote a newspaper article for The Living Way, a Black church weekly, about her treatment on the train. In Memphis, she hired an African-American attorney to sue the railroad. When her lawyer was paid off by the railroad, she hired a White attorney.

She won her case on December 24, 1884, when the local circuit court granted her a $500 award. The railroad company appealed to the Tennessee Supreme Court, which reversed the lower court's ruling in 1887. It concluded: "We think it is union bank pacific beach hours that the purpose of the defendant in error was to harass with a view to this suit, and that her persistence was not in good faith to obtain a comfortable seat for the short ride." Wells was ordered to pay court costs. Her reaction to the higher court's decision revealed her strong convictions on civil rights and religious faith, as she responded: "I felt so disappointed because I had hoped such great things from my suit for my people. . O God, is there no . justice in this land for us?"

While continuing to teach elementary school, Wells became increasingly active as a journalist and writer. She was offered an editorial position for the Evening Star in Washington, D.C., and she began writing weekly articles for The Living Way newspaper under the pen name "Iola". Articles she wrote under her pen name attacked racist Jim Crow policies. In 1889, she became editor and co-owner with J. L. Fleming of The Free Speech and Headlight, a Black-owned newspaper established by the Reverend Taylor Nightingale (1844–1922) and based at the Beale Street Baptist Church in Memphis.

In 1891, Wells was dismissed from her teaching post by the Memphis Board of Education due to her articles criticizing conditions in the Black schools of the region. She was devastated but undaunted, and concentrated her energy on writing articles for The Living Way and the Free Speech and Headlight.

Anti-lynching campaign and investigative journalism[edit]

Main articles: Anti-lynching movement and Lynching in the United States

The lynching at The Curve in Memphis[edit]

Main article: People's Grocery lynchings

The People's Grocery near Memphis Tennesse was a successful African American cooperative.

In 1889, Thomas Henry Moss, Sr. (1853–1892), an African American, opened People's Grocery, which he co-owned. The store was located in a South Memphis neighborhood nicknamed "The Curve". Wells was close to Moss and his family, having stood as godmother to his first child, Maurine E. Moss (1891–1971). Moss's store did well and competed with a White-owned grocery store across the street, Barrett's Grocery, owned by William Russell Barrett (1854–1920).

On March 2, 1892, a young Black male youth named Armour Harris was playing a game of marbles with a young White male youth named Cornelius Hurst in front of the People's Grocery. The two male youths got into an argument and a fight during the game. As the Black youth Harris began to win the fight, the father of Cornelius Hurst intervened and began to "thrash" Harris. The People's Grocery employees William Stewart and Calvin R. McDowell (1870–1892) saw the fight and rushed outside to defend the young Harris from the adult Hurst as people in the neighborhood gathered into what quickly became a "racially charged mob".

The White grocer Barrett returned the following day, March 3, 1892, to the People's Grocery with a Shelby County Sheriff's Deputy, looking for William Stewart. But Calvin McDowell, who greeted Barrett, indicated that Stewart was not present. Barrett was dissatisfied with the response and was frustrated that the People's Grocery was competing with his store. Angry about the previous day's mêlée, Barrett responded that "Blacks were thieves" and hit McDowell with a pistol. McDowell wrestled the gun away and fired at Barrett – missing narrowly. McDowell was later arrested but subsequently released.

On March 5, 1892, a group of six White men including a sheriff's deputy took electric streetcars to the People's Grocery. The ugi phone bill pay of White men were met by a barrage of bullets from the People's Grocery, and Shelby County Sheriff Deputy Charley Cole was wounded, as well as civilian Bob Harold. Hundreds of Whites were deputized almost immediately to put down what was perceived by the local Memphis newspapers Commercial and Appeal-Avalanche as an armed rebellion by Black men in Memphis.

Thomas Moss, a postman in addition to being the owner of the People's Grocery, was named as a conspirator along with McDowell and Stewart. The three men were arrested and jailed pending trial.

Around 2:30 a.m. on the morning of March 9, 1892, 75 men wearing black masks took Moss, McDowell, and Stewart from their jail cells at the Shelby County Jail to a Chesapeake and Ohio rail yard what is the capital of wyoming cheyenne mile north of the city and shot them dead. The are shelby county courts open today Appeal-Avalanche reports:

Dear Miss Wells:     Thank you for your faithful paper on the lynch abomination now generally practiced against colored people in the South. There has been no word equal to it in convincing power. I have spoken, but my word is feeble in comparison . Brave woman! .

– Frederick Douglass (October 25, 1892)

Just before he was killed, Moss said to the mob: fake us phone number for sms verification my people to go west, there is no justice here."

After the lynching of her friends, Wells wrote in Free Speech and Headlight urging Blacks to leave Memphis altogether:

"There is, therefore, only one thing left to do; save our money and leave a town which will neither protect our lives and property, nor give us a fair trial in the courts, but takes us out and murders us in cold pets at home opening hours sunday when accused by White persons."

The event led Wells to begin investigating lynchings using investigative journalist techniques. She began to interview people associated with lynchings, including a lynching in Tunica, Mississippi, in 1892 where she concluded that the father of a young White woman had implored a lynch mob to kill a Black man with whom his daughter was having a sexual relationship, under a pretense "to save the reputation of his daughter".

Demise of the Free Speech newspaper under duress of threats (1892)[edit]

Wells' anti-lynching commentaries in the Free Speech had been building, particularly with respect to lynchings and imprisonment of Black men suspected of raping White women. A story broke January 16, 1892, in the Cleveland Gazette, describing a wrongful conviction of a sexual affair between a married White woman, Julia Underwood (née Julie Caroline Wells), and a single Black man, William Offet (1854–1914) of Elyria, Ohio. Offet was convicted of rape and served four years of a 15-year sentence, despite his sworn denial of rape (the word of a Black man against that of a White woman). Her husband, Rev. Isaac T. Underwood – after she confessed to him two years later – diligently worked to get Offet out of the penitentiary. After hiring an influential Pittsburgh attorney, Thomas Harlan Baird Patterson (1844–1907), Rev. Underwood prevailed, Offet was released and subsequently pardoned by the Ohio Governor.

On May 21, 1892, Wells published an editorial in the Free Speech refuting what she called "that old threadbare lie that Negro men rape White women. If Southern men are not careful, a conclusion might be reached which will be very damaging to the moral reputation of their women."

T

 he way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth upon them.

– Ida B. Wells, 1892

Four days later, on May 25, The Daily Commercial published a threat: "The fact that a Black scoundrel [Ida B. Wells] is allowed to live and utter such loathsome and repulsive calumnies is a volume of evidence as to the wonderful patience of Southern Whites. But we've had enough of it."The Evening Scimitar (Memphis) copied the story that same day, but, more specifically raised the threat: "Patience under such circumstances is not a virtue. If the Negroes themselves do not apply the remedy without delay it will be the duty of those whom he has attacked to tie the wretch who utters these calumnies to a stake at the intersection of Main and Madison Sts., brand him in the forehead with a hot iron and perform upon him a surgical operation with a pair of tailor's shears."

A White mob ransacked the Free Speech office, destroying the building and its contents. James L. Fleming, co-owner with Wells and business manager, was forced to flee Memphis; and, reportedly, the trains were being watched for Wells' return. Creditors took possession of the office and sold the assets of Free Speech. Wells had been out of town, vacationing in Manhattan; but never returned to Memphis. A "committee" of White businessmen, reportedly from the Cotton Exchange, located Rev. Nightingale and, although he'd sold his interest to Wells and Fleming in 1891, assaulted him and forced him at gunpoint to sign a letter retracting the May 21 editorial.

Wells subsequently accepted a job with New York Age and continued her anti-lynching does capital one give out personal loans from New York. For the next three years, she resided in Harlem, initially as a guest at the home of Timothy Thomas Fortune (1856–1928) and wife, Carrie Fortune (née Caroline Charlotte Smiley; 1860–1940).

According to Kenneth W. Goings, PhD, no copy of the Memphis Free Speech survives. Our only knowledge of it comes from reprinted articles in other archived newspapers.

Southern Horrors (1892)[edit]

Cover of Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases

On October 26, 1892, Wells began to publish her research on lynching in a pamphlet titled Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases. Having examined many accounts of lynchings due to the alleged "rape of White women", she concluded that Southerners cried rape as an excuse to hide cox login pay bill real reasons for lynchings: Black economic progress, which threatened White Southerners with competition, and White ideas of enforcing Black second-class status in the society. Black economic progress was a contemporary issue in the South, and in are shelby county courts open today states Whites worked to suppress Black progress. In this period at the turn of the century, Southern states, starting with Mississippi in 1890, passed laws and/or new constitutions to disenfranchise most Black people and many poor White people through use of poll taxes, literacy tests and other devices. Wells-Barnett recommended that Black people use arms to defend against lynching.

Wells, in Southern Horrors, adopted the phrase "poor, blind Afro-American Sampsons" to denote Black men as victims of "White Delilahs". The Biblical "Samson", in the vernacular of the day, came from Longfellow's 1865 boone county indiana tax sale, "The Warning", containing the line, "There is a poor, blind Samson in the land . " To explain the metaphor "Sampson", John Elliott Cairnes, an Irish political economist, state farm bank complaints his 1865 article about Black suffrage, wrote that Longfellow was prophesizing; to wit: in "the long-impending struggle for Americans following the Civil War, [he, Longfellow] could see in the Negro only an instrument of vengeance, and a cause of ruin". The phrase, instrument of vengeance was also referenced in the 1831 work, The Confessions of Nat Turner, published by Thomas Ruffin Gray, wherein Turner explains how he saw the divine signs – God's will to eradicate the evil of slavery – that (a) vindicated him as an instrument of vengeance and (b) established his prophetic status. However, Cairnes, in the article, went on to explain that Longfellow's prediction did not transpire: "The hour of grim revel at length came, and the American Sampson [sic] raised his hand, but for a purpose far different than that which the poet dreaded – not to shake, but to stay up the tottering temple of American liberties – that temple in which he had only received insult and unutterable wrong."

See also: Nat Turner's slave rebellion § Nat Turner

The Red Record (1895)[edit]

After conducting greater research, Wells published The Red Record, in 1895, a 100-page pamphlet with more detail, describing lynching in the United States since the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863. It also covered Black people’s struggles in the South since the Civil War. The Red Record explored the alarmingly high rates of lynching in the United States (which was at a peak from 1880 to 1930). Wells-Barnett said that during Reconstruction, most Americans outside the South did not realize the growing rate of violence against Black people in the South. She believed that during slavery, White people had not committed as many attacks because of the economic labour value of slaves. Wells noted that, since slavery time, "ten thousand Negroes have been killed in cold blood, [through lynching] without the formality of judicial trial and legal execution".

Frederick Douglass had written an article noting three eras of "Southern barbarism" and the excuses that Whites claimed in each period.

Wells-Barnett explored these in detail in her The Red Record.

  • During slavery time, she noted that Whites worked to "repress and stamp out alleged 'race riots'" or suspected slave rebellions, usually killing Black people in far higher proportions than any White casualties. Once the Civil War ended, White people feared Black people, who were in the majority in many areas. White people acted to control them and suppress them by violence.
  • During the Reconstruction Era White people lynched Black people as part of mob efforts to suppress Black political activity and re-establish White supremacy after the war. They feared "Negro Domination" through voting and taking office. Wells-Barnett urged Black people in high-risk areas to move away to protect their families.
  • She noted that Whites frequently claimed that Black men had "to be killed to avenge their assaults upon women". She noted that White people assumed that any relationship between a White flag south carolina state house and a Black man was a result of rape. But, given power relationships, it was much more common for White men to take amazon employee login advantage of poor Black women. She stated: "Nobody in this section how many numbers are in a chase bank account number the country believes the old threadbare lie that Black men rape White women." Wells connected lynching to sexual violence, showing how the myth of the Black man's lust for White women led to the murder of African-American men.

Wells-Barnett gave 14 pages of statistics related to lynching cases committed from 1892 to 1895; she also included pages of graphic accounts detailing specific lynchings. She noted that her data was taken from articles by White correspondents, White press bureaus, and White newspapers.The Red Record had far-reaching influence in the debate about lynching.

Southern Horrors and The Red Record's documentation of lynchings captured the attention of Northerners who knew little about lynching or accepted the common explanation that Black men deserved this fate.

According to the Equal Justice Initiative, 4084 African Americans were lynched in the South, alone, between 1877 and 1950, of which, 25 percent were accused of sexual assault and nearly 30 percent, murder. Generally southern states and White juries refused to indict any perpetrators for lynching, although they were frequently known and sometimes shown in the photographs being made more frequently of such events.[47]

Despite Wells-Barnett's attempt to garner support among White Americans against lynching, she believed that her campaign could not overturn the economic interests Whites had in using lynching as an instrument to maintain Southern order and discourage Black economic ventures. Ultimately, Wells-Barnett concluded that appealing to reason and compassion would not succeed in gaining criminalization of lynching by Southern Whites.

Wells-Barnett concluded that perhaps armed resistance was the only defense against lynching. Meanwhile, she extended her efforts to gain support of such powerful White nations as Britain to shame and sanction the racist practices of America.

Speaking tours in Britain[edit]

Wells travelled twice to Britain in her campaign against lynching, the first time in 1893 and the second in 1894. She and her supporters in America saw these tours as an opportunity for her to reach larger, White audiences with her anti-lynching campaign, something she had been unable to accomplish in America. She found sympathetic audiences in Britain, already shocked by reports of lynching in America. Wells had been invited for her first British speaking tour by Catherine Impey and Isabella Fyvie Mayo. Impey, a Quaker abolitionist who published the journal Anti-Caste, had attended several of Wells' lectures while traveling in America. Mayo was a well-known writer and poet who wrote under the name of Edward Garrett. Both women had read of the particularly gruesome lynching of Henry Smith in Texas and wanted to organize a speaking tour to call attention to American lynchings.

Impey and Mayo asked Frederick Douglass to make the trip, but he declined, citing his age and health. He then suggested Wells, who enthusiastically accepted the invitation. In 1894, before leaving the US for her second visit to Great Britain, Wells called on William Penn Nixon, the editor of the Daily Inter Ocean, a Republican newspaper in Chicago. It was the only major White paper that persistently denounced lynching. After she told Nixon about her planned tour, he asked her to write for the newspaper while in England. She was the first African-American woman to be a paid correspondent for a mainstream White newspaper.

Wells toured England, Scotland and Wales for two months, addressing audiences of thousands, and rallying a moral crusade among the British. She relied heavily on her pamphlet Southern Horrors in her first tour, and showed shocking photographs of actual lynchings in America. On May 17, 1894, she spoke in Birmingham at the Young Men's Christian Assembly and at Central Hall, staying in Edgbaston at 66 Gough Road.

On the last night of her second tour, the London Anti-Lynching Committee was established – reportedly the first anti-lynching organization in the world. Its founding members included many notables such as the Duke of Argyll, Sir John Gorst, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Lady Henry Somerset and some twenty Members of Parliament, with activist Florence Balgarnie as the honorary secretary.

As a result of her two lecture tours in Britain, she received significant coverage in the British and American press. Many of the articles published at the time of her return to the United States were hostile personal critiques, rather than reports of her anti-lynching positions and beliefs. The New York Times, for example, called her "a slanderous and nasty-nasty-minded Mulatress". Despite these attacks in the White press, Wells had nevertheless gained extensive recognition and credibility, and an international audience of White supporters of her cause.

Marriage and family[edit]

Attorney Ferdinand Lee Barnett (c. 1900). Wells married Barnett in 1895.
Ida B. Wells-Barnett with her four children, 1909

On June 27, 1895, in Chicago at Bethel AME Church, Wells married attorney Ferdinand L. United business bank new mexico, a widower with two sons, Ferdinand Barnett and Albert Graham Barnett (1886–1962). Ferdinand Lee Barnett, who lived in Chicago, was a prominent attorney, civil rights activist, and journalist. Like Wells, he spoke widely against lynchings and for the civil rights of African Americans. Wells and Barnett had met in 1893, working together on a pamphlet protesting the lack of Black representation at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Barnett founded The Chicago Conservator, the first Black newspaper in Chicago, in 1878. Wells began writing for the paper in 1893, later acquired a partial ownership interest, and after marrying Barnett, assumed the role of editor.

Wells' marriage to Barnett was a legal union as well as a partnership of ideas and actions. Both were journalists, and both were established activists with a shared commitment to civil rights. In an interview, Wells' daughter Alfreda said that the two had "like interests" and that their journalist careers were "intertwined". This sort of close working relationship between a wife and husband was unusual at the time, as women often played more traditional domestic roles in a marriage.

In addition to Barnett's two children from Ferdinand's previous marriage, the couple had four more: Charles Aked Barnett (1896–1957), Herman Kohlsaat Barnett (1897–1975), Ida Bell Wells Barnett, Jr. (1901–1988), and Alfreda Marguerita Barnett(married surname Duster; 1904–1983). Charles Aked Barnett's middle name was the namesake of Charles Frederic Aked (1864–1941), an influential British-born-turned-American progressive Protestant clergyman who, in 1894, while pastor of the Pembrooke Baptist Church in Liverpool, England, befriended Wells, endorsed her anti-lynching campaign, and hosted her in during her second speaking tour in England in 1894.

In a chapter of Wells' posthumous autobiography, Crusade For Justice, titled "A Divided Duty", she described the difficult challenge of splitting her time between family and work. She continued to work after the birth of her first child, traveling and bringing the infant Charles with her. Although she tried to balance her roles as a mother and as a national activist, it was alleged that she was not always successful. Susan B. Anthony said she seemed "distracted".

Her establishment of Chicago's first kindergarten prioritizing Black children, located in the lecture room of the Bethel AME Church, demonstrates how her public activism and her personal life were connected; as her great-granddaughter Michelle Duster notes: "When her older children started getting of school age, then she google credit card synchrony that black children did not have the same kind of educational opportunities as some other students . And so, her attitude was, 'Well since it doesn't exist, we'll create it ourselves.'"

African-American leadership[edit]

The 19th century's acknowledged leader for African-American civil rights, Frederick Douglass praised Wells' work, giving her introductions and sometimes financial support for her investigations. When he died in 1895, Wells was perhaps at the height of her notoriety, but many men and women were ambivalent or against a woman taking the lead in Black civil rights at a time when women first financial bank terre haute customer service not seen as, and often not allowed to be, leaders by the wider society. For the new leading voices, Booker T. Washington, his rival, W. E. B. Du Bois, and more traditionally minded women activists, Wells often came to be seen as too radical.

Wells encountered and sometimes collaborated with the others, but they also had many disagreements, while also competing for attention for their ideas and programs. For example, there are differing in accounts for why Wells' name was excluded from the original list of founders of the NAACP. In his autobiography Dusk of Dawn, Du Bois implied that Wells chose not to be included. However, in her autobiography, Wells stated that Du Bois deliberately excluded her from the list.

Organizing in Chicago[edit]

Having settled in Chicago, Wells continued her anti-lynching work while becoming more focused on the civil rights of African Americans. She worked with national civil rights leaders to protest a major exhibition, she was active in the national women's club movement, and she ultimately ran for the Illinois State Senate. She also was passionate about women's rights and suffrage. She was a spokeswoman and an advocate for women being successful in the workplace, having  equal opportunities, and woodforest national bank routing number pa a name for themselves.[citation needed]

Wells was an active member of the National Equal Rights League (NERL), founded in 1864, and was their representative calling on President Woodrow Wilson to end discrimination in government jobs.[73] In 1914, she served as president of NERL's Chicago bureau.

World's Columbian Exposition[edit]

In 1893, the World's Columbian Exposition was held in Chicago. Together with Frederick Douglass and other Black leaders, Wells organized a Black boycott of the fair, for the fair's lack of representation of African American achievement in the exhibits. Wells, Douglass, Irvine Garland Penn, and Wells' future husband, Ferdinand L. Barnett, wrote sections of the pamphlet The Reason Why: The Colored American Is Not in can you deposit cash at an atm first national bank World's Columbian Exposition, which detailed the progress of Blacks since their arrival in America and also exposed the basis of Southern lynchings. Wells later reported to Albion W. Tourgée that copies of the pamphlet had been distributed to more than 20,000 people at the fair. That year she started work with The Chicago Conservator, the oldest African-American newspaper in the city.

Women's clubs[edit]

Living in Chicago in the late 19th century, Wells was very active in the national Woman's club movement. In 1893, she organized The Women's Era Club, a first-of-its-kind civic club for African-American women in Chicago. It would later be renamed the Ida B. Wells Club in her honor. In 1896, Wells took part in the meeting in Washington, D.C., that founded the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs. After her death, the Ida B. Wells Club went on to do many things. The club advocated to have a housing project in Chicago named after the founder, Ida B. Wells, and succeeded, making history in 1939 as the first housing project named after a woman of color. Wells also helped organize the National Afro-American Council, serving as the organization's first secretary.

Wells received much support from other social activists and her fellow club women. Frederick Douglass praised her work: "You have done your people and mine a service. .What a revelation of existing conditions your writing has been for me."

Despite Douglass' praise, Wells was becoming a controversial figure among local and national women's clubs. This was evident when in 1899 the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs intended to meet in Chicago. Writing to the president of the association, Mary Terrell, Chicago organizers of the event stated that they would not cooperate in the meeting if it included Wells. When Wells learned that Terrell had agreed to exclude Wells, she called it "a staggering blow".

See also: Ida B. Wells § Alpha Suffrage Club

School segregation[edit]

In 1900, Wells was outraged when the Chicago Tribune published a series of articles suggesting adoption of a system of racial segregation in public schools. Given her experience as a school teacher in segregated systems in the South, she wrote to the publisher on the failures of segregated school systems and the successes of integrated public schools. She then went to his office and lobbied him. Unsatisfied, she enlisted the social reformer Jane Addams in her cause. Wells and the pressure group she put together with Addams are credited with stopping the adoption of an officially segregated school system.

Suffrage[edit]

Willard controversy[edit]

Wells' role in the U.S. suffrage movement was inextricably linked to her lifelong crusade against racism, violence and discrimination towards African Americans. Her view of women's enfranchisement was pragmatic and political. Like all suffragists she believed in women's right to vote, but she also saw enfranchisement as a way for Black women to become politically involved in their communities and to use their votes to elect African Americans, regardless of gender, to influential political office.

As a prominent Black suffragist, Wells held strong positions against racism, violence and lynching that brought her into conflict with leaders of largely White suffrage organizations. Perhaps the most notable example of this conflict was her very public disagreement with Frances Willard, the first President of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU).

The WCTU was a predominantly White women's organization, with branches in every state and a growing membership, including in the Southern United States, where segregation laws and lynching occurred. With roots in the call for temperance and sobriety, the organization later became a powerful advocate of suffrage in the U.S.

In 1893 Wells and Willard travelled separately to Britain on lecture tours. Willard was promoting temperance as well as suffrage for women, and Wells was calling attention to lynching in the U.S. The basis of their dispute was Wells' public statements that Willard was silent on the issue of lynching. Wells referred to an interview Willard had conducted during her tour of the American South, in which Willard had blamed African Americans' behavior for the defeat of temperance legislation. "The colored race multiplies like the locusts of Egypt", Willard had said, and "the grog shop is its center of power. The safety of women, of childhood, of the home is menaced in a thousand localities, so that men dare not go beyond the sight of their own roof tree."

Although Willard and her prominent supporter Lady Somerset were critical of Wells' comments, Wells was able to turn that into her favor, portraying their criticisms as attempts by powerful White leaders to "crush an insignificant colored woman".

Wells also dedicated a chapter in The Red Record to juxtapose the different positions that she and Willard held. The chapter titled "Miss Willard's Attitude" condemned Willard for using rhetoric that promoted violence and other crimes against African Americans in America.

Negro Fellowship League[edit]

Wells, her husband, and some members of their Bible study group, in 1908 founded the Negro Fellowship League (NFL), the first Black settlement house in Chicago. The organization, in rented space, served as a reading room, library, activity center, and shelter for young Black men in the local community at a time when the local Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) did not allow Black men to become members. The NFL also assisted with job leads and entrepreneurial opportunities for new arrivals in Chicago from Southern States, notably those of the Great Migration. During her involvement, the NFL advocated for women's suffrage and supported the Republican Party in Illinois.

Alpha Suffrage Club[edit]

In the years following her dispute with Willard, Wells continued her anti-lynching campaign and organizing in Chicago. She focused her work on Black women's suffrage in the city following the enactment of a new state law enabling partial women's suffrage. The Illinois Presidential and Municipal Suffrage Bill of 1913 (see Women's suffrage in Illinois) gave women in the state the right to vote for presidential electors, mayor, aldermen and most other local offices; but not for governor, state representatives or members of Congress.[a] Illinois was the first state east of the Mississippi to give women these voting rights.

The prospect of passing the act, even one of partial enfranchisement, was the impetus for Wells and her White colleague Belle Squire to organize the Alpha Suffrage Club in Chicago on January 30, 1913.[page needed] One of the most important Black suffrage organizations in Chicago, the Alpha Suffrage Club was founded as a way to further voting rights for all women, to teach Black women how to engage in civic matters, and to work to elect African Americans to city offices. Two years after its founding, the club played a significant role in electing Oscar De Priest as the first African-American alderman in Chicago.

As Wells and Squire were organizing the Alpha Club, the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was organizing a suffrage parade in Washington D.C. Marching the day before the inauguration of Woodrow Wilson as president in 1913, suffragists from across the country gathered to demand universal suffrage. Wells, together with a delegation of members from Chicago, attended. On the day of the march, the head of the Illinois delegation told the Wells delegates that the NAWSA wanted "to keep the delegation entirely White", and all African-American suffragists, including Wells, were to walk at the end of the parade in a "colored delegation".

Instead of going to the back with other African Americans, however, Wells waited with spectators as the parade was underway, and stepped into the White Illinois delegation as they passed by. She visibly linked arms with her White suffragist colleagues, Squire and Virginia Brooks, for the rest of the parade, demonstrating, according to The Chicago Defender, the universality of the women's civil rights movement.

From "race agitator" to political candidate[edit]

During World War I, the U.S. government placed Wells under surveillance, labeling her a dangerous "race agitator". She defied this threat by continuing civil rights work during this period with such figures as Marcus Garvey, Monroe Trotter, and Madam C. J. Walker. In 1917, Wells wrote a series of investigative reports for the Chicago Defender on the East St. Louis Race Riots. After almost thirty years away, Wells made her first trip back to the South in 1921 to investigate and publish a report on the Elaine massacre in Arkansas (published 1922).

In the 1920s, she participated in the struggle for African-American workers' rights, urging Black women's organizations to support the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, as it tried to gain legitimacy. However, she lost the presidency of the National Association of Colored Women in 1924 to the more diplomatic Mary Bethune. To challenge what she viewed as problems for African Americans in Chicago, Wells started a political organization named Third Ward Women's Political Club in 1927. In 1928, she tried to become a delegate to the Republican National Convention but lost to Oscar De Priest. Her feelings toward the Republican Party became more mixed due to what she viewed as the Hoover administration's poor stance on civil rights and attempts to promote a "Lily-White" policy in Southern Republican organizations. In 1930, Wells unsuccessfully sought elective office, running as an Independent for a seat in the Illinois Senate, against the Republican Party candidate, Adelbert Roberts.

Influence on Black feminist activism[edit]

Wells-Barnett explained that the defense of White women's honor allowed Southern White men to get away with murder by projecting their own history of sexual violence onto Black men. Her call for all races 2016 lexus gs 350 f sport for sale genders to be accountable for their actions showed African-American women that they can speak out and fight for their rights. By portraying the horrors of lynching, she worked to show that racial and gender discrimination are linked, furthering the Black feminist cause.

Autobiography and death[edit]

Wells began writing her autobiography, Crusade for Justice (1928), but never finished the book; it would be posthumously published, edited by her daughter Alfreda Barnett Duster, in 1970, as Crusade for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells.

Wells died of uremia (kidney failure) in Chicago on March 25, 1931, at the age of 68. She was buried in Oak Woods Cemetery on Chicago's South Side.

Legacy and honors[edit]

Since Wells' death, with the rise of mid-20th-century civil rights activism, and the 1971 posthumous publication of her autobiography, interest in her life and legacy has grown. Awards have been established in her name by the National Association of Black Journalists, the Medill School of Journalism at Northwestern University, the Coordinating Council for Women in History, the Type Investigations (formerly the Investigative Fund), the University of Louisville, and the New York County Lawyers' Association (awarded annually since 2003), among many others. The Ida B. Wells Memorial Foundation and the Ida B. Wells Museum have also been established to protect, preserve and promote Wells' legacy. In her hometown of Holly Springs, Mississippi, there is an Ida B. Wells-Barnett Museum in her honor that acts as a cultural center of African-American history.

In 1941, the Public Works Administration (PWA) built a Chicago Housing Authority public housing project in the Bronzeville neighborhood on the South Side of Chicago; it was named the Ida B. Wells Homes in her honor. The buildings were demolished in August 2011 due to changing demographics and ideas about such housing.

In 1988, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. In August that year, she was also inducted into the Chicago Women's Hall of Fame.Molefi Kete Asante included Wells on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans in 2002. In 2011, Wells was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame for her writings.

On February 1, 1990, at the start of Black History Month in the U.S., the U.S. Postal Service dedicated a 25¢ stamp commemorating Wells in a ceremony at the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago. The stamp, designed by Thomas Blackshear II, features a portrait of Wells illustrated from a composite of photographs of her taken during the mid-1890s. Wells is the 25th African-American entry – and fourth African American woman – on a U.S. postage stamp. She is the 13th in the Postal Service's Black Heritage series.

In 2006, the Harvard Kennedy School commissioned a portrait of Wells. In 2007, the Ida B. Wells Association was founded by University of Memphis philosophy graduate students to promote discussion of philosophical issues arising from the African-American experience and to provide a context in which to mentor undergraduates. The Philosophy Department at the University of Memphis has sponsored the Ida B. Wells conference every year since 2007.

On February 12, 2012, Mary E. Flowers, a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, introduced House Resolution 770 during the 97th General Assembly, honoring Ida B. Wells by declaring March 25, 2012 – the eighty-ninth anniversary of her death – as Ida B. Wells Day in the State of Illinois.

Historical marker honoring Ida B. Wells in Holly Springs, Mississippi

In August 2014, Wells was the subject of an episode of the BBC Radio 4 programme Great Lives, in which her work was championed by Baroness Oona King. Wells was honored with a Google Doodle on July 16, 2015, which would have been her 153rd birthday.

In 2016, the Ida B. Wells Society for Investigative Reporting was launched in Memphis, Tennessee, with the purpose of promoting investigative journalism. Following in the footsteps of Wells, this society encourages minority journalists to expose injustices perpetuated by the government and defend people who are susceptible to being taken advantage of. This organization was created with much support from the Open Society Foundations, Ford Foundation, and CUNY Graduate School of Journalism.

In 2018, the National Memorial for Peace and Justice opened; it includes a reflection space dedicated to Wells, a selection of quotes by her, and a stone inscribed with her name.

On March 8, 2018, The New York Times published a belated obituary for her, in a series marking International Women's Day and entitled "Overlooked" that set out to acknowledge that, since 1851, its obituary pages had been dominated by White men, while notable women – including Wells – had been ignored.

In July 2018, Chicago's City Council officially renamed Congress Parkway as Ida B. Wells Drive; it is the first downtown Chicago street named for a woman of color.

On February 12, 2019, a blue plaque, provided by the Nubian Jak Community Trust, was unveiled by the mayor of Birmingham, Yvonne Mosquito, at the Edgbaston Community Centre, Birmingham, England, commemorating Wells' stay in a house on the exact site of 66 Gough Road where she stayed in 1893 during her speaking tour of the British Isles.

On July 13, 2019, a marker for her was dedicated in Mississippi, on the northeast corner of Holly Springs' Courthouse Square.The marker was donated by the Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation.

The Extra Mile – Points of Light Volunteer Pathway, a memorial adjacent to the White House in Washington, D.C., selected Wells as one of its 37 honorees. The Extra Mile pays homage to Americans such as Wells who set aside their own self-interest in order to help others and who successfully brought positive social change to the United States.

In 2019, a new middle school in Washington, D.C., was named in her honor. On November 7, 2019, a Mississippi Writers Trail historical marker was installed at Rust College in Holly Springs commemorating the legacy of Ida B. Wells.

On May 4, 2020, she was posthumously awarded a Pulitzer Prizespecial citation, "[f]or her outstanding and courageous reporting on the horrific and vicious violence against African Americans during the era of lynching." The Pulitzer Prize board announced that it would donate at least $50,000 in support of Wells' mission to recipients who would be announced at a later date.

In June 2020, during the George Floyd protests in Tennessee, protesters occupied the area outside the Tennessee State Capitol, re-dubbing it "Ida B. Wells Plaza".

Monuments[edit]

The life-sized statue of Ida B. Wells in downtown Memphis.

In 2021 Chicago erected a monument to Wells in the Bronzeville neighborhood, near where she lived and close to the site of the former Ida B. Wells Homes housing project. Officially called The Light of Truth Ida B. Wells National Monument, it was created by sculptor Richard Hunt.[149]

Also in 2021, Memphis dedicated a new Ida B. Wells plaza with a life-sized statue of Wells. The monument is adjacent to the historic Beale Street Baptist Church, where Wells produced the Free Speech newspaper.[150]

Representation in stage and film[edit]

The PBS documentary series American Experience aired on October 24, 1989 – season 2, episode 4 (one-hour) – "Ida B. Wells: A Passion for Justice", written and directed by William Greaves. The documentary featured excerpts of Wells' memoirs read by Toni Morrison. (viewableviaYouTube)

In 1995, the play In Pursuit of Justice: A One-Woman Play About Ida B. Wells, written frost bank austin tx hours Wendy D. Jones (born 1953) and starring Janice Jenkins, was produced. It draws on historical incidents and speeches from Wells' autobiography, and features fictional letters to a friend. It won four awards from the AUDELCO (Audience Development Committee Inc.), an organization that honors Black theater.

In 1999, a staged reading of the play Iola's Letter, written by Michon Boston (née Michon Alana Boston; born 1962), was performed at Howard University in Washington, D.C., under the direction of Vera J. Katz,[b] including then-student Chadwick Boseman among the online fifth third. The play is inspired by the real-life events that compelled a 29-year-old Ida B. Wells to launch an anti-lynching crusade from Memphis in 1892 using her newspaper, Free Speech.

Wells' life is the subject of Constant Star (2002), a widely performed musical drama by Tazewell Thompson, who was inspired to write it by the 1989 documentary Ida B. Wells: A Passion for Justice. Thompson's play explores Wells as "a seminal figure in Post-Reconstruction America".

Wells was played by Adilah Barnes in the 2004 film Iron Jawed Angels. The film dramatizes a moment during the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 when Wells ignored instructions to march with the segregated parade units and crossed the lines to march with the other members of her Illinois chapter.

Selected publications[edit]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^48th Illinois General Assembly, Regular Biennial Session:
    1. May 7, 1913: Senate Bill 63 – State Senator Hugh Stewart Magill, Jr. (1868–1958), from Princeton, sponsored a limited women's suffrage bill. The Illinois Senate (the Upper House) passed it May 7, 1913, by a vote of 29 to 15 – three more than the required majority.
    2. June 11, 1913: The House posed a stiffer challenge, right up to the day of the vote. The Illinois House of Representatives (the Lower House) passed it June 11, 1913, by a vote of 83 to 58.
    3. June 26, 1913: Governor Edward F. Dunne signed the bill June 26, 1913, in Springfield. The signing ceremony was filmed for the movies.
  2. ^Vera J. Katz (née Vera Joy Weintraub; born 1936) is Professor Emerita from Howard University, Department of Theater Arts, where she taught acting and directing for 32 years – from 1969 to about 2001. [Like many of the writers cited in this article], Katz has devoted much of her career to fighting bigotry. (Hentoff March 28, 1994)

Notes[edit]

References to linked inline notes[edit]

Books, journals, magazines, academic papers, online blogs

  • Allen, James E. (2011) [1994]. Without Sanctuary: Photographs and Postcards of Lynching in America. Santa Fe: Twin Palms Publisher.
    Print:
    1. Book (1st ed.) (July 31, 1999); OCLC 936079991
    2. Book (10th ed.) (February 1, 2000): OCLC 994750311, 751138477; ISBN 0-944092-69-1; ISBN 978-0-944092-69-9
    3. Book (11th ed.) (2011): OCLC 1075938297

    Exhibitions, film, digital:

    1. Roth Horowitz Gallery, 160A East 70th Street, Manhattan (January 14, 2000 – February 12, 2000); Andrew Roth and Glenn Horowitz, gallery co-owners, Witness: Photographs of Lynchings from the Collection of James Allen and John Littlefield, organized by Andrew Roth
    2. New York Historical Society (March 14, 2000 – October 1, 2000); OCLC 809988821, Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, curated by James Allen and Julia Hotton
    3. Andy Warhol Museum (September 22, 2001 – February 21, 2002), The Without Sanctuary Project, curated by James Allen; co-directed by Jessica Arcand and Margery King
    4. Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park (May 1, 2002 – December 31, 2002), Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America;OCLC 782970109, curated by Joseph F. Jordan, PhD (né Joseph Ferdinand Jordan, Jr.; born 1951); Douglas H. Quin, PhD (born 1956) exhibition designer; National Park Service MLK site team: Frank Catroppa, Saudia Muwwakkil, and Melissa English-Rias
    5. The 2002 short film, Without Sanctuary, directed by Matt Dibble (né Matthew Phillips Dibble; born 1959) and produced by Joseph F. Jordan, PhD (né Joseph Ferdinand Jordan, Jr.; born 1951), accompanied the 2002–2003 exhibition by the same name, Without Sanctuary, at the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park (co-sponsored by Emory University)
    6. Digital format (2008): OCLC 1179211921, 439904269 (Overview, Movie, Photos, Forum)
    7. Official website; part of collection at the Robert W. Woodruff Library at Emory University
  • Alpha Suffrage Record, The (March 18, 1914). "The Alpha Suffrage Club"(PDF) (inaugural newsletter). 1 (1). Chicago: Alpha Suffrage Club. Retrieved October 26, 2020 – via Living History of Illinois and Chicago, Neil Gale, Curator.
  • Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). "Ida B. Wells-Barnett". 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books. pp. 110, 309–311. ISBN . LCCN 2002018993. OCLC 1018143510. Article: 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical EncyclopediaCS1 maint: postscript (link)
  • Baker, Lee D. (February 2012). "Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Fighting and Writing for Justice"(PDF). eJournal USA. U.S. Department of State. 16 (6): 6–8. ISSN 1949-7644. OCLC 700047682. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
  • Bay, Mia (2009). To Tell the Truth Freely: The Life of Ida B. Wells. Hill & Wang. ISBN . OCLC 1032224630. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
  • Berenson, Tessa C. (July 16, 2015). "Today's Google Doodle Celebrates Journalist Ida B. Wells' Birthday". Time.com (online). ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved January 14, 2019.
  • Biography Editors (January 16, 2020) [April 27, 2017]. "Ida B. Wells". Biography. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  • Black, Patti Carr (February 2001). "Ida B. Wells: A Courageous Voice for Civil Rights". Mississippi History Now (online publication). Mississippi Historical Society. Retrieved February 13, 2019.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_B._Wells

County Clerks Locations

Anderson County Clerk:  Jeff Cole

100 N. Main St., Room 111
Clinton, TN  37716
Phone: (865) 457-6226
Fax: (865) 463-6892
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

728 Emory Valley Road
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Phone: (865) 483-0541
Fax: (865) 483-7391
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  http://www.andersoncountyclerk.com

Benton County Clerk:  Wanda Malin

1 E. Court Square, Suite 101
Camden, TN 38320
Phone: (731) 584-6053
Fax: (731) 584-4640
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Bledsoe County Clerk:  Genese Sapp

P.O. Box 212
3150 Main St.
Pikeville, TN 37367
Phone: what is the capital of wyoming cheyenne 447-2137
Fax: (423) 447-6581
Hours of Operation: M-W, Fri., 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Th., 8 a.m. - 12 p.m.

Blount County Clerk:  Gaye Hasty ​

345 Court St.
Maryville, TN 37804
Phone: (865) 273-5800
Fax: (865) 273-5815
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Foothills Mall (near Belk)
Phone: (865) 273-5800
Fax: (865) 273-5801
Hours of Operation: M-F, 9 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.

Renewals/Placards Only:
Drive-thru, former First Tennessee Bank near Blount County Public Library
205 N Cusick Street
Maryville, TN 37804
Hours of Operation: M-F, 7 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.

Website:  http://www.blounttn.org/309/County-Clerk

Campbell County Clerk:  Alene Baird

P.O. Box 450
570 Main St. Suite A-21
Jacksboro, TN 37757
Phone: (423) 562-4985
Fax: (423) 566-3852
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Sat., 8 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

705 West Central Ave.
La Follette, TN 37766
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Sat., 8 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

P.O. Box 384
321 S. Main St.
Jellico, TN 37762
Phone: (423) 784-8608
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Wed. & Sat., 8:30 a.m. - 11:30 a.m.

Website:  https://www.campbellcountyclerk.com/

Cannon County Clerk:  Lana Jones

200 West Main St.
Woodbury, TN 37190
Phone: (615) 563-4278
Fax: (615) 563-1289
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m. (Closed Wed.); Sat., 8 a.m. - noon

Carroll County Clerk:  Darlene Kirk

625 High St., Suite 103
Huntingdon, TN 38344
Phone: (731) 986-1960
Fax: (731) 986-1978
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Claiborne County Clerk:  Karen Hurst

P.O. Box 173
1740 First choice financial online banking St.
Tazewell, TN 37879
Phone: (423) 626-3283
Fax: (423) 626-1661
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m

Clay County Clerk:  Donna Watson

Clay County Government Complex
P.O. Box 218
145 Cordell Hull Dr.
Celina, TN 38551
Phone: (931) 243-2249
Fax: (931) 243-3231
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m. (Closed Wed.); Sat., 8 a.m. - noon

Crockett County Clerk:  Dana Branch

1 South Bell St., Suite 1
Alamo, TN 38001
Phone: (731) 696-5452
Fax: (731)696-3261
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Sat., 8 a.m. - noon

Davidson County Clerk:  Brenda Wynn

Howard Office Walmart asurion sign in 700 Second Ave. South
Nashville, TN 37210
Phone: (615) 862-6251
Fax: (615) 862-6037 or (615) 880-3811
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Website:  http://www.nashvilleclerk.com/

Decatur County Clerk:  Melinda Broadway

P.O. Box 488
22 Main Street
Decaturville, TN 38329
Phone: (731) 852-3417
Fax: (731) 852-3152
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.;  Sat., 8 a.m. - noon

Dickson County Clerk:  Luanne Greer

P.O. Box 220
4 Court Square, Room 126
Charlotte, TN 37036
Phone: (615) 789-5093
Fax: (615) 789-0128
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

303 Henslee Dr.
Dickson, TN 37055
Phone: (615) 446-2543
Fax: (615) 446-4495
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Thu-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; W, 8 a.m. - capital 1 cc login p.m.

White Bluff/ First Federal Bank 
4365 Hwy 70 E 
White Bluff, TN 37187
Hours of Operation: M-Thu, 8:00 a.m.- 4:00 p.m. ; F, 8:00 a.m.-6:00 p.m.; Sat 8:00 a.m.-1:00 p.m.
Renewal Transactions only

Website:  https://dicksoncountytn.gov/county_clerk.html

Fayette County Clerk:  Shana Burch

Mailing Address: 
P.O. Box 218
1 Court Square, Room 101
Somerville, TN 38068
Phone: (901) 465-5213
Fax: (901) 465-5293
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

75 Clay St. (Rear of building) - Note:  This location does not receive mail correspondence.  Please use the address above.
Oakland, TN 38060
Phone: (901) 465-7987
Fax: (901) 466-7248
Hours of Operation: Tu-W, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

3575 Hwy 196
Piperton, TN 38017
Phone: (901) 316-8077
Hours of Operation: Thursday, 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Website:  https://fayettetn.us/departments/county-clerk/

Giles County Clerk:  Carol H. Wade

222 West Madison St.
Pulaski, TN 38478
Phone: (931) 363-1509
Fax: (931) 424-4795
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Grainger County Clerk:  Angie Lamb

P.O. Box 116
8095 Rutledge Pike, Suite 103
Rutledge, TN 37861
Phone: (865) 828-3511
Fax: (865)828-3203
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Wed. & Sat., 8:30 a.m. - noon

Greene County Clerk:  Lori Bryant

County Courthouse Annex
204 N. Cutler St., Suite 200
Greeneville, TN 37745
Phone: (423) 798-1775
Fax: (423) 798-1822
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Website:  https://www.greenecountyclerk.com/

Hamblen County Clerk:  Penny Petty

511 West Second North St.
Morristown, TN 37814
Phone: (423) 586-1993
Fax: (423) 585-2015
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

2415 North Davy Crockett Pkwy
Morristown, TN marquette bank savings account Phone: (423) 318-1536
Fax: (423) 318-1545
Hours of Operation: M-F, 9 a.m. - 6 p.m.; Sat., 9 a.m. - 2 p.m.

Website:  http://www.hamblencountyclerk.com/

Hancock County Clerk:  Jesse Royston

P.O. Box 575
Main Street
Sneedville, TN 37869
Phone: (423) 733-2519
Fax: (423) 33-4509
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8 a.m. – 4 p.m. ; Wed., 8 a.m. - 6 p.m.

Hardin County Clerk:  Paula Wilhite

Courthouse Annex Building
65 Court St., Suite 1
Savannah, TN 38372
Phone: (731) 925-3921
Fax: (731) 926-4313
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Wed. 8 a.m. - noon

Henderson County Clerk:  Carolyn Holmes

17 Monroe Ave., Suite 2
Lexington, TN 38351
Phone: (731) 968-2856
Fax: (731) 968-6644
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Wed. & Fri., 8 a.m. - noon

Henry County Clerk:  Donna Craig

P.O. Box 24
101 West Washington St., Suite 102
Paris, TN 38242
Phone: (731) 642-2412
Fax: (731) 644-0947
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Website:  http://www.henrycountyclerktn.com/

Hickman County Clerk:  Casey Dorton

114 North Central Ave., Suite 202
Centerville, TN 37033
Phone: (931) 729-2621
Fax: (931) 729-6131
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  https://www.hickmanclerk.com/

Humphreys County Clerk:  Cindy Wilson

Courthouse Annex
102 Thompson St., Room 2
Waverly, TN 37185
Phone: (931) 296-7671
Fax: (931) 296-0823
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Johnson County Clerk:  Tammie Fenner

222 West Main St.
Mountain City, TN 37683
Phone: (423) 727-9633
Fax: (423) 727-7047
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Sat., 8:30 a.m. - noon

Lauderdale County Clerk:  Linda Summar

100 Court Square
Ripley, TN 38063
Phone: (731) 635-2561
Fax: (731) 635-9682
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Marion County Clerk:  Dwight Minter

P.O. Box 789
24 Courthouse Square, Room 101
Jasper, TN 37347
Phone: (423) 942-2515
Fax: (423) 942-0815
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Meigs County Clerk:  Janie Myers

17214 State Highway 58 N.
Decatur, TN 37322
Phone: (423) 334-5747
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Closed Wed.); Sat., 8:30 a.m. - noon

Monroe County Clerk:  Larry Sloan

103 College St.
Madisonville, TN 37354
Phone: (423) 442-2220
Fax: (423) 442-9542
Hours of Operation: M-Tu & Th-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Wed. & Sat., 8:30 a.m. - noon

Website:  https://monroetn.com/county-clerk/

Montgomery County Clerk:  Kellie Jackson

Veteran's Plaza
350 Pageant Lane, Suite 502
Clarksville, TN 37040
Phone: (931) 648-5711
Fax: (931) 553-5160
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Website:  http://www.mcgtn.org/clerk

Moore County Clerk:  Nancy Hatfield

P.O. Box 206
196 Main St.
Lynchburg, TN 37352
Phone: (931) 759-7346
Fax: (931) 759-6394
Hours of Operation: M-W & Fri, 7:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. Open the last Saturday of the month from 8 am until 12 pm unless it falls on a holiday weekend. 

Morgan County Clerk:  Cheryl Collins

P.O. Box 301
415 S. Kingston St.
Wartburg, TN 37887
Phone: (423) 346-3480
Fax: (423) 346-4161
Hours of Operation: M, W, F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Tues., Thurs. 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.; Sat., 9 a.m. - 12 p.m.

Website:  http://www.morgancountytn.org/clerk.htm

Obion County Clerk:  Crystal Crain

P.O. Box 188
2 Bill Burnett Circle
Union City, TN 38281
Phone: (731) 885-3831
Fax: (731) 885-0945
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Obion County Courthouse Satellite Office
324 S. First St Union City, TN
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
No phone number at this location yet, currently Car Tag & Disabled Placard Renewals Only

Perry County Clerk:  Glenda Leegan

121 E. Main St.
Linden, TN 37096
Phone: (931) 589-2219
Fax: (931) 589-5107
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Pickett County Clerk:  Charlie Lee

1 Courthouse Square, Suite 201
Byrdstown, TN 38549
Phone: (931) 864-3879
Fax: (931) 864-7087
Hours of Operation: M-Tu, & Th-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Wed. & Sat., 8 a.m. - noon

Rhea County Clerk:  Linda Shaver

375 Church St., Suite 101
Dayton, TN 37321
Phone: (423) 775-7808
Fax: (423) 775-7898
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Robertson County Clerk:  Angie Groves

511 S. Brown St.
Springfield, TN 37172
Phone: (615) 384-5895
Fax: (615) 384-2218
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Website:  www.robertsoncountytn.gov

Rutherford County Clerk:  Lisa Crowell

319 N. Maple St., Suite 121
Murfreesboro, TN 37130
Phone: (615) 898-7800
Fax: (615) 898-7830
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

205 I St.
Smyrna, TN 37167
Phone: (615) 459-9692
Fax: (615) 355-4118
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.;  Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  http://rutherfordcountytn.gov/county-clerk

Sequatchie County Clerk:  Charlotte Cagle

P.O. Box 248
307 Cherry St.
Dunlap, TN 37327
Phone: (423) 949-2522
Fax: (423) 949-6316
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Sevier County Clerk:  Karen Cotter

125 Court Ave., Suite 202 E
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: (865) 453-5502
Fax: (865) 774-3954
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

405 Reagan Drive
Gatlinburg, TN  37862
Phone:  (865) 430-3404
Fax:  (865) 436-9559
Hours of Operation:  M, W, F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.;  Sat., 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.

300 Pine Mountain Road
Pigeon Forge, TN  37863
Phone:  (865) 908-6613
Hours of Operation:  Sat. 9 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  http://www.seviercountytn.org/sevier-county-clerk.html

Smith County Clerk:  Clifa Norris

122 Turner High Circle, Suite 101
Carthage, TN 37030
Phone: (615) 735-9833
Fax: (615) 735-8252
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Stewart County Clerk:  Jimmy Fitzhugh

P.O. Box 67
225 Donelson Pkwy.
Dover, TN 37058
Phone: (931) 232-7616
Fax: (931) 232-4934
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. (Closed daily from noon - 1 p.m.)

Sullivan County Clerk:  Teresa Jacobs

3258 Hwy 126, Suite 101
Blountville, TN 37617
Phone: (423) 323-6428
Fax: (423) 279-2725
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

408 Clay St.
Kingsport, TN 37660
Phone: (423) 224-1790
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

801 Anderson St.
Bristol, TN 37621
Phone: (423) 989-4366
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  http://www.sullivancountyclerktn.com/

Sumner County Clerk:Bill Kemp

355 North Belvedere Dr., Room 111
Gallatin, TN 37066
Phone: (615) 452-4063
Fax: (615) 452-9371
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5:15 p.m.

114 Dunn St.
Hendersonville, TN 37075
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5:15 p.m.

Website:  http://www.sumnertags.com/

Unicoi County Clerk:  Mitzi Bowen

P.O. Box 340
100 Main St., Suit 100
Erwin, TN 37650
Phone: (423) 743-3381
Fax: (423) 743-5430
Hours of Operation: M-F, 9 a.m. - 5 p.m., Sat., 9 a.m. - noon

Union County Clerk:  Pam Ailor

825 Main Street
Maynardville, TN 37807
Phone: (865) 992-8043
Fax: (865) 992-4992
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Sat., 9 a.m. - noon

Website:  http://www.unioncountyclerktn.com/

Van Buren County Clerk:  Lisa Rigsby

Administrative Building
how to get metropcs account number and pin Taft Drive
Spencer, TN 38585
Phone: (931) 946-2121
Fax: (931) 946-2876
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Washington County Clerk:  Kathy Storey

P.O. Box 218
100 E. Main St.
Jonesborough, TN 37659
Phone: (423) 753-1621
Fax: (423) 753-4716
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

378 Market Place Blvd.
Johnson City, TN 37604
Phone: (423) 610-7200
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website: https://www.washingtoncountytn.org/

Wayne County Clerk:  Stan Horton

100 Court Circle
Suite 200, Box 2
Waynesboro, TN 38485
Phone: (931) 722-5544
Fax: (931) 722-6410
Hours of Operation: M-F, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Wilson County Clerk:  Jim Goodall

P.O. Box 950
228 East Main St., Room 101
Lebanon, TN 37088
Phone: (615) 444-0314
Fax: (615) 443-2615
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

129 South College St.
Lebanon, TN 37087
Phone: (615) 965-6709
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

10905 Lebanon Rd.
Mt. Juliet, TN 37122
Phone: (615) 288-1131
Hours of Operation: M-Th, 8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.; Fri., 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Website:  http://www.wilsoncountyclerk.com/

Источник: https://www.tn.gov/revenue/title-and-registration/county-clerks-locations.html

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  3. Rohit bhai call karke band kardo sms service 1909 pe aur agar sms pana chahte ho to bhi 1909 ya 198 pe call karke start karwa sakte ho......

  4. Hey I do my banking with Capital One. I noticed that they have a option for a IRA. Would you recommend it or should I explore elsewhere? I have a Cap1 savings and CC that’s why I want to keep it all in one spot. Thanks in advance!

  5. Jazakum Allahu khairan Clive. The charity's account details for a direct bank transfer are:

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